|Orenburg is a city in Russia, administrative center of Orenburg region. Located on the river Ural, near the confluence of the river Sakmara. Located in 1468 km from Moscow. Is a major railway hub, an important center of gas production and gas processing industry. The famous Orenburg down shawls. The internal division of the city is represented by two counties and four districts. The population of 547 thousand people, 72,2% Russian, 5.1% of Kazakhs, 3,2% of Ukrainians, 2.5% of Bashkirs.
Telephone code: 7 2 353. Postcode: 460000. Car code: 56.
the history of the city began with the founding of the first fortress on the river Or 1735 year, hence its name. However, in 1742 year, the future city was moved to another location, which today is the historical center of the city. In 1743 year was selected the new and final place for Orenburg this year is considered the founding year of the city. In connection with the history of the Foundation, Orenburg called three times once conceived and born. In 1938 year, it was renamed a., named famous Aviator V. Chkalov, even though he was never in this city. In 1957 year, the city was returned its former name.